By John B. Williamson
This paintings makes wide use of 7 well-developed old case reports describing the evolution of public old-age protection in business countries (Germany, uk, Sweden, and the us) and constructing international locations (Brazil, Nigeria, and India). The authors specialise in specifying contexts during which basic theoretical views can be utilized to account for those advancements. one of many few reports which integrates old and quantitative info, this obtainable paintings will turn out necessary to scholars and researchers of the welfare nation, getting older coverage, and comparative sociology.
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This paintings makes huge use of 7 well-developed historic case experiences describing the evolution of public old-age safety in business international locations (Germany, uk, Sweden, and the USA) and constructing international locations (Brazil, Nigeria, and India). The authors specialise in specifying contexts within which common theoretical views can be utilized to account for those advancements.
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Additional resources for Old-Age Security in Comparative Perspective
In 1957 the goal shifted to maintenance of the worker's pre-retirement relative standard of living during the retirement years (Greza 1989, p. 1; Hockerts 1981, pp. 39 To the extent that the overall German standard of living continued to improve over the years, pensioners were expected to share in these improvements. To this end this legislation called for the annual indexation of future pension benefits. The legislation did not explicitly specify how this indexation was to be done, but in practice it has been based on changes in (gross) wage levels.
These fascist and authoritarian regimes saw in corporatist ideology a rationale for substantially increasing the power of the state while at the same time decreasing the influence of various interest groups, particularly organized labor (Schmitter 1974, p. 103). In contrast to democratic corporatism, in the context of authoritarian corporatism, labor representatives are in reality more accountable to the central government than to rank-and-file union members. A case can be made that both the democratic and authoritarian forms of corporatism contribute to increases in spending on public pensions and to pension policy development more generally.
41 Another important aspect of this legislation was that housewives were allowed to participate in the program (Eska 1980, p. 111). This innovation was important as it was the first time there was a departure from the principle that entitlement is to be based on participation in the paid labor force (Esping-Andersen et al. 1988, p. 342). Yet another important innovation introduced in 1972 was a change in the way that pensions were calculated for low-wage workers who had been covered for 25 or more years.