By Kyle Kirkland
Marine Sciences information the explorers and scientists who extend the frontiers of marine technology frequently discovering issues they don't count on. This entire source comprises the learn of the geology of the ocean ground, the chemical and actual houses of the water, and the lifestyles that teems in and round it. It additionally discusses a variety of varied reviews, providing scholars insightful info at the equipment and functions of oceanography. Chapters comprise: -The Ocean Depths Exploring the Seabed -Mid-Ocean Ridge the biggest unmarried Volcanic characteristic on the earth -Creatures of the Deep Sea -Tsunami Killer Waves -El Ni o and climate -Harmful Algal Blooms purple Tides.
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Extra resources for Marine Sciences: Notable Research and Discoveries (Frontiers of Science)
Four billion years is an awfully long time. With all that sediment falling and accumulating on the bottom, the oceans would probably have filled up by now. One possible solution to this puzzle is that the seafloor is not as old as the oceans themselves. What this means is that there is some mechanism to replace the ocean floor over a period of time. In this scenario, the sediments and sedimentary rock of the ocean floor are continually recycled; some portion of the floor moves above sea level or else is destroyed, and some portion is generated to replace it.
This volcanic ridge exists throughout the world’s oceans and is known as the mid-ocean ridge—although it is not necessarily in the middle of the ocean—forming kind of a seam that runs around the globe. ) The new crust spreads as the plates slowly move apart, as first noted by American geologist Harry Hess (1906–69) in the 1960s. About three-quarters of the world’s volcanic activity occurs along the mid-ocean ridge. Mid-ocean ridges and the unique environment they create is the subject of chapter 2 of this book.
Oceanographers and adventurers have begun to explore the vast territory of the ocean floor, and the advancement of marine science provides a greater understanding of this region of the planet, as well as opportunities to use it wisely. e. Ancient Greek philosopher Posidonius (ca. ) measures the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea. e. HMS Challenger, the first major expedition to study the ocean, sails around the world. The Ocean Depths: Exploring the Seabed 1897 Henry L. Williams and his associates build the first offshore oil well, located on a pier on the California coast.