Comprehensive brachytherapy : physical and clinical aspects by Jack Venselaar; et al

By Jack Venselaar; et al

''Brachytherapy gives you a hugely localized dose to a goal quarter utilizing radionuclides implanted in or very on the subject of the tumor. This publication offers a whole review of the sector and covers comparable supply modalities similar to digital brachytherapy. in addition to exploring new medical protocols, it discusses significant advances lower than improvement, together with imaging, robotics, ideas for greater dosimetry, Monte Read more...

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Comprehensive brachytherapy : physical and clinical aspects

''Brachytherapy offers a hugely localized dose to a objective sector utilizing radionuclides implanted in or very as regards to the tumor. This ebook presents a whole evaluation of the sector and covers comparable supply modalities comparable to digital brachytherapy. besides exploring new medical protocols, it discusses significant advances lower than improvement, together with imaging, robotics, thoughts for greater dosimetry, Monte Carlo-based dose calculation, and optimization.

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1998). Immediately following these almost coincidental discoveries, Pierre and Marie Curie extracted radium from pitchblende ore in 1898 and determined the origin of this penetrating radiation. This was a physics Nobel Prize–winning achievement, which was awarded to the couple and Henri Becquerel in 1903. Shortly after, new pathways were explored to apply these radiations in the first treatments of patients. Becquerel himself experienced the effects of radiation exposure by carrying a tube containing decigrams of radium chloride in his vest pocket.

This scheme delivers the same total dose at the same total time yielding the same average dose rate. 2, the essential components, and an overview of the available equipment are given later in this chapter. 1. 1 Current Regulatory Environment for Brachytherapy Equipment Development and safe use of medical equipment such as afterloading systems are subject to approval and certification by regulatory bodies. S. government agency that was established by the Energy Reorganization Act in 1974 to take over the role of oversight of nuclear energy matters and nuclear safety from the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC).

Internal checks and verification steps, integrated in network solutions for data recording and storage, are built in. These steps all aim at safe dose administrations to the patient and to a reduction of the margins in order to deposit the prescribed dose to where it is needed while reducing the dose to the surrounding normal tissues. As a result, it is possible to select dose escalation to the target volume and/or a reduction of the complications of the treatment (Whelan et al. 2010; Ritter 2008; Junius et al.

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