American Military Aviation: The Indispensable Arm by Charles J. Gross

By Charles J. Gross

Книга American army Aviation: The fundamental Arm American army Aviation: The crucial Arm Книги Вооружение Автор: Charles J.Gross Год издания: 2002 Формат: pdf Издат.:Texas A&M college Press Страниц: 392 Размер: 4.36 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Since the Wright brothers made their well-known flight at Kitty Hawk in 1903, aviation has emerged because the integral arm of yankee army energy. during this distinct historical past, Charles J. Gross lines its improvement from the Wright brothers' overcome gravity in the course of the air battle for Kosovo. Drawing on examples from all sessions and all carrier branches, he explains the jobs of politics, economics, and know-how in shaping air strength within the US defense force and assesses the effect of army aviation on struggle. Gross discusses significant advancements in plane, doctrine, education, and operations. He additionally presents discussions of airlift, in-flight refueling, army budgets, undefined, and interservice squabbling. He examines Eisenhower's "New glance" and MAD (Mutually guaranteed Destruction); McNamara's attempt to take advantage of "commonality" of apparatus to chop expenses; Kennedy's buildup of the army; the Nixon Doctrine and the failure of air strength to solve the lengthy drawn-out clash in Southeast Asia; and the turning out to be reliance on American air energy within the post-Cold struggle global. This illustrated quantity deals a vast heritage of yankee army aviation. army execs, students, coverage makers, and most people may still locate this ebook a useful advisor to the "indispensable arm."

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S. military aviation had made its combat debut. 22 Aviation had only a limited impact on army doctrine before the United States entered World War I. In November, , the General Staff modified army doctrine by officially acknowledging the airplane’s role in reconnaissance and airborne direction of artillery fire. 23 American aeronautical technology failed to keep abreast of changing doctrine, however, and the next crisis with Mexico produced a major disaster for BRIGADES OF FLYING HORSES ✪ 25 army aviation.

Although, the Signal Corps clearly preferred to deal with the Wrights, their $, bid was the highest of the three. This placed them last on the list of potential contractors under the procurement practices of the day. The army’s only other viable alternative was to buy from all three successful bidders, but the Board of Ordnance and Fortification lacked the money to do it. That problem was solved when additional money was obtained from a special fund maintained by President Roosevelt. 6 Orville Wright delivered an aircraft to the army on August , , and tests were scheduled at Fort Myer, Virginia.

Composed of conservative senior officers of the BRIGADES OF FLYING HORSES ✪ 19 battleship-oriented “Gun Club,” the board saw no reason to spend money on a device that had not even been invented. It concluded that such machines were the army’s business, if anybody’s in the federal government. The navy later rejected overtures from the Wright brothers, and Orville’s crash at Fort Myer in September, , confirmed its resolve. 9 In August, , the acting secretary of the navy rejected a Bureau of Equipment request to advertise for construction of two aircraft on the grounds that aeronautical technology had not advanced far enough to be of value to the service.

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