Alternative Sweeteners, Third Edition, (Food Science and by Lyn O'Brien-Nabors

By Lyn O'Brien-Nabors

A survey of the large box of sucrose choices, detailing clinical info, technical purposes, and regulatory scores for a wide range of sweeteners. It highlights the switch in prestige of saccharin, the elevated use of polyols, and the chances supplied through the supply of various substitute sweeteners and their makes use of together. This 3rd version includes new chapters on neotame, tagatose, trehalose, erythritol, and aspartame-acesulfame salt.

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Chemist James Schlatter (1, 2). At present, it is estimated that aspartame is used in approximately 6000 different products worldwide. The safety of aspartame has been tested extensively in animal and human studies. It is undoubtedly the most thoroughly studied of the high-intensity sweeteners. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (5, 6), and the regulatory agencies of more than 100 other countries around the world. II. PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND CHEMISTRY A. Structure Aspartame is a dipeptide composed of two amino acids, l-aspartic acid and the methyl ester of l-phenylalanine.

65) concluded from a study in rats that aspartame may be hazardous because formaldehyde adducts in tissue proteins and nucleic acids from aspartame may accumulate. However, according to Tephly (66), the doses of aspartame used in the study do not even yield blood methanol concentrations outside control values. Furthermore, the amounts of aspartame equal to that in about 75 cans of beverage as a single bolus result in no detectable increase in blood formate concentrations in humans, whereas increased urinary formate excretion shows that the body is easily able to handle even excessive amounts of aspartame.

This corresponds to the observation that acesulfame K decomposes at temperatures well above 200°C. Potential decomposition products of acesulfame K can, therefore, be found only under extreme conditions. Under such conditions, compounds of hydrolytic decomposition are mainly acetone, CO 2, ammonium salts, sulfate, and amidosulfonate. In the hydrolytic decomposition, the ring system is initially opened, which quickly yields the end products of hydrolysis. Only occasionally and then in very acidic media can traces of derivatives of acetoacetic acid be detected (3).

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