By Eduardo Salas, Salas Eduardo Salas, E. Salas
We are living in an ever complicated, dynamic and technological-based global. an international the place industries, companies and organisations count ever more and more on automatic structures to keep up potency, bring up productiveness, reduce human mistakes or achieve a aggressive facet. additionally, automation is now visible via many corporations because the method to human functionality difficulties. those enterprises proceed to take a position major assets to enforce automatic platforms anyplace attainable and there's no doubt that automation has helped such enterprises deal with their subtle, information-rich environments, the place people have restricted services. as a result, automation has helped to enhance commercial and advertisement growth to the level that organisations now rely on it for his or her personal profit. notwithstanding, new and unresolved difficulties have arisen as extra contributors, teams and groups engage with automatic platforms. accordingly, the necessity and motivation of this quantity. The chapters contained during this quantity discover the various key human functionality matters dealing with corporations as they enforce or deal with computerized platforms. facing a number themes, from the way to layout non-compulsory use, warding off misuse, to making education options for computerized platforms, this quantity additionally explores which theories can help us comprehend automation larger and what examine has to be carried out. This e-book makes an attempt to demonstrate how human functionality learn on automation might help companies layout larger structures and likewise hopes to encourage extra theoretically-based yet practically-relevant learn within the technological-based global of the twenty first century.
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Extra resources for Advances in Human Performance and Cognitive Engineering Research, Volume 2 (Advances in Human Performance and Cognitive Engineering Research)
Misuse and disuse are the products of sub-optimal AUDs in that they do not maximize the chance of a successful outcome. An examination of the empirical literature, informal discussions with participants in our experiments and the investigators’ own observations led to the identification of four common causes of inappropriate automation use. Automation usage errors occur because operators: (1) fail to recognize that automated and manual alternatives are available, (2) inaccurately appraise the utilities of the automated or manual options, (3) knowingly select the alternative with the lowest expected outcome, and/or (4) do not emit the responses required for successful performance.
1991). The effects of cross-modal manipulations of attention on the detection of vibrotactile stimuli in humans. Somatosensory and Motor Research, 8, 149–157. Rensink, R. , O’Regan, J. , & Clark, J. J. (1997). To see or not to see: The need for attention to perceive changes in scenes. Psychological Science, 8(5), 368–373. Sarter, N. B. (2000). The need for multisensory feedback in support of effective attention allocation in highly dynamic event-driven environments: The case of cockpit automation.
MULTIMODAL SYSTEMS IN SUPPORT OF HUMAN-AUTOMATION COORDINATION Coordination is the process of synchronizing the interdependent activities of various agents. Three important components of coordination are: (a) the management of simultaneity constraints, (b) effective resource allocation, and (c) the communication of intermediate results and difficulties with task performance (Malone, 1990). The management of simultaneity constraints and effective resource allocation become relevant, for example, when several tasks either need to be performed concurrently or cannot occur at the same time.