A New Reading of the Animal Apocalypse of 1 Enoch: ''''All by Daniel Olson

By Daniel Olson

''A New studying of the Animal Apocalypse of one Enoch'' deals an entire theological research of this second-century BCE allegory and makes use of this because the foundation for a brand new observation at the textual content, awarded in a clean translation

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Extra resources for A New Reading of the Animal Apocalypse of 1 Enoch: ''''All Nations Shall be Blessed'''' / With a New Translation and Commentary

Example text

And all the beasts of the field and all the birds of the sky were afraid of it and making petition to it at all times. 38. And I watched until all of their species were transformed, and they became all of them white cattle. The first one became a nagar among them, and that nagar became a great beast, and on its head were large black horns. And the Lord of the flock rejoiced over them and over all of the cattle. Most scholars read this passage as indicating a universal return of all humanity to a single, Adamic state; that is, a state of primordial integrity, a state of original goodness.

There is no hint that the white bull is the scion of the rams who led the flock in monarchic times. This interpretation also overlooks the fact that the allegory evidences little regard for the monarchy at any point in history. The embarrassing story of Saul and his failures is recounted in surprising detail (89:42–44), while Samuel, that harsh critic of the monarchic institu- 29 Dillmann, Das Buch Henoch, 286–287; Beer, APAT 2:298; Martin, Le livre d’Hénoch, 235; Charles, Book of Enoch, 215–216.

85:3–8); but he is also like Seth in that only these two are called “great” (cf. J. 40 Despite the problems, it must be admitted that the “second Adam” typology has an immediate plausibility about it. The mere positioning of these two white bulls, one at the beginning and one near the end, invites comparison. There is probably no need to deny the typology altogether, since the eschatological white bull may represent a synthesis of more than just one biblical image. It may be the case that “second Adam” typology legitimately explains some dimensions of the white bull figure, even if it is not sufficient to explain the whole symbol.

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