By Bill T. Arnold
This ebook is superb for the coed of Biblical Hebrew. now and again, many starting scholars don't absolutely research the foundations of syntax within the first couple of semesters of Biblical Hebrew, and it's not until eventually the scholar starts off to learn in top point periods that the basics of syntax are really beneficial. This ebook meets the necessity for a concise advisor for syntax, explaining in uncomplicated methods how issues comparable to the waw verbal sequences and the numerous makes use of of prepositional prefixes paintings in sentences. the reasons are extremely simple, and a scholar who has played effectively in a single or semesters of Hebrew shouldn't have any difficulty discerning the phrases and lingo of Hebrew grammar and syntax. The publication is largely a hugely abridged model of Waltke and O'Connor's Biblical Hebrew Syntax, a thick and crucial quantity that scholars may want to graduate to upon studying Arnold and Choi's smaller volume.
I have used this publication particularly generally in my very own exegesis sessions (Dr. invoice Arnold is one my profs) and it has served me rather well. therefore, i like to recommend it to any pupil of Hebrew that wishes reinforcement of their realizing of Hebrew syntax.
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Extra info for A Guide to Biblical Hebrew Syntax
10 8 9 10 Jou¨ on and Muraoka 1993, 149. Waltke and O’Connor 1990, 380. Examples of the infrequent complete passive include Deut 33:29; Gen 9:6, 11; Exod 12:16; 1 Sam 25:7. 40 Verbs (b) Middle – Verbs that are normally used in passive constructions may be used in a quasi-active sense, but with the object as the subject of the verb. , voice) is, in a sense, reversed. l/qB] $í1W [àÕ#©, “the earth split with their sound” (1 Kgs 1:40). (c) Reﬂexive – action for, or concerning, oneself. 12 In most reﬂexive uses, the subject and object refer to the same person or thing: y;π/ax htãR6¨, “and I will avenge myself on my enemies” (Isa 1:24), d:√ tdæ bø ≈ /B døb≈tæAan &lArKæuÄ¨, “[If] they sell themselves to you, you shall not make them serve as slaves” (Lev 25:39).
May also be called the epexegetical accusative or the accusative of limitation. ªm• †ycI√¨, “and you shall make two cherubim of gold” (Exod 25:18), t£cp rA¬ t/nkøM]UAt0 c¡(©, “and he made ten stands of bronze” (1 Kgs 7:27). 36 (g) Product – The accusative denotes the result of the verbal action. yh• h†7 †yá1¨ tkøs ‰làl¨, “and you shall take choice ﬂour, and bake it into twelve cakes” (Lev 24:5). 4 Apposition In addition to the three main case functions (nominative, genitive, and accusative), BH also uses nouns in apposition, that is, in simple juxtaposition in order for the second noun (the apposition) to modify or elucidate the ﬁrst 35 36 For more on this and the next (accusative of product), see Kautzsch 1910, 371–72 and Waltke and O’Connor 1990, 174–75.
64 Numerals are morphologically divided into the cardinal and ordinal variations. yï√, “two cities” ( Josh 15:60). ªtæ tëWA@y dk0 vy6 y[π©, “There was a certain 62 63 64 Most languages of biblical times used number signs, although Ugaritic preferred to spell numbers out completely as in BH (Segert 1984, 52–54). This inexplicable feature of Hebrew numerals is limited to the cardinals. With double-ﬁgure numerals (11 to 19), the lowest number includes this reverse gender, while the tens take the gender of the noun being modiﬁed.